According to CNN Money, about 15% of bank account applicants are denied regular savings and checking accounts because of their banking history. Banks usually get information about this history from a company called ChexSystems, which maintains a file of information on your checking account history similar to your credit report.
ChexSystems, which is governed by the Fair Credit Reporting Act just like larger credit reporting bureaus, simply record negative banking account information. Items like non-sufficient funds overdrafts and unpaid bank account liens will stay on your report for up to five years.
So if you’ve made checking account mistakes in the past – especially issues like frequent overdrafts or unpaid obligations – you may be denied when you apply for a new savings or checking account. In addition, some banks pull your credit report and will deny your application if your credit score doesn’t meet their requirements.
If you do get denied, don’t worry, though; you’ve got plenty of alternative options.
Find Out Why You’ve Been Denied
The first step you should take when you’re denied a checking account is to figure out why you’ve been denied. Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, banks are required to tell you why you’ve been denied a bank account.
The most likely reason to be denied an account is that you’ve got an outstanding debt with a bank – often because of unpaid bank fees. But you may also be denied because of a history of frequent overdrafts. Just ask the bank who has denied you exactly what the issue is.
Your next step is likely to check out your ChexSystems report, which you can access at ConsumerDebit.com. Like your credit reports, you can get one free copy of your ChexSystems report every twelve months. The report will show which bank or banks have reported you and why.
If you owe a bank money according to your ChexSystems report, you’ll need to either negotiate with the bank you owe to pay off the debt, or dispute the report as inaccurate.
If you pay off your debt with a bank, they’ll have to report the account as paid to ChexSystems, which may help your case next time you apply for an account. If the report is wrong, you can talk to the reporting bank first. If they refuse to deal with the matter, dispute the information with ChexSystems, who is required by law to investigate the claim.
The fact of the matter is that it can take months – or even years – to clean up your ChexSystems report. In the meantime, you may need to take advantage of other bank account options so that you can pay your mortgage on time and avoid hefty transfer or cashier’s check fees.
1. Prepaid cards
Prepaid cards were once known for their outrageous fees, but they’re becoming much more reasonable in recent years. Many prepaid cards function very similarly to checking accounts – even allowing for automatic paycheck deposits.
Be sure you research prepaid card options to ensure that you’re getting the best possible deal – especially when it comes to fees. And be sure you choose a card with the basic functions you need most, whether that’s paying bills online or getting gas at the pump.
A top pick with virtually no fees is the American Express Serve®. Not only are the fees low, but it comes with many of the same benefits you get with an American Express card. If you are looking for a MasterCard or Visa option, a popular and low cost choice is the Green Dot® Gold PrePaid Visa®, which was recently named a Consumer Reports top pick.
2. Secured credit cards
A secured credit card is a good way to build your credit, which may help you get a checking account in the future. With these cards, you pay a deposit up front. The deposit is held by the card issuer in case of default. Sometimes these deposits also earn interest like a checking account.
Secured credit cards generally have a very low credit limit and a high interest rate. But if you use a secured card to pay your bills each month, paying it off at the end of the month, you won’t have to worry about interest.
One thing to note: you’ll need to be sure you have a way to actually pay off your secured credit card if you don’t have a bank account!
3. Alternative checking accounts
As companies seek to reach out to unbanked or underbanked Americans, more are coming up with tempting checking account alternatives. These alternatives often come with lots of features and low fees, though you’ll want to do your research so you know exactly what you’re getting into.
One excellent checking account alternative is Bluebird by American Express and WalMart. This card is very similar to a checking account. It lets you may direct deposit, use online bill pay, and even write checks.
Bluebird is also unique in that it lets you set up family sub-accounts, so you can give your teenager or another family member limited access to your Bluebird funds.
4. “Second chance” checking accounts
One final alternative to a traditional checking account is a second chance checking account. These accounts include most of the same features as regular checking accounts – checks, ATM access, online bill pay, debit cards, money transfers, and direct deposit.
The main difference is that these accounts often come with higher annual/monthly maintenance fees or require a larger opening deposit. Basically, these accounts are set up to give consumers a “second chance” while protecting the bank from losing too much money.
Some banks that offer second chance checking accounts don’t even check your ChexSystems file. Others will require that any outstanding balances from old banks (reported in your ChexSystems file) be paid off before you can get a second chance account.
A second chance checking account can be a good way to establish a better bank account history, and can often lead you into a lower-fee, traditional checking account within a few months to a year.