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Here’s what you need to know to file your 2019 taxes and changes to know about for 2020.

It’s the most wonderful time of the year… for tax accountants.

Americans have until April 15th, 2020–or October 15th, 2020 with an extension–to file their 2019 federal income taxes.

It’s also time to start thinking about your 2020 income taxes.

You might say it’s too early to think about 2020 tax brackets and deductions but understanding your tax bracket can help you make all sorts of helpful financial decisions, especially if you’re on the line between two.

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The 2019 Standard Deduction

The standard deduction is the portion of your income the IRS allows to be deducted from your taxable income. It ensures only people with income above these thresholds pay income tax.

  • Married Filing Jointly/Surviving Spouse: $24,400
  • Heads of Households: $18,350
  • Single/Married Filing Separately: $12,200

There’s an additional standard deduction for people who turned 65 or older in 2019 or who are blind. It’s $1,300 for each married taxpayer or $1,650 for unmarried taxpayers.

The 2020 Standard Deduction

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 more than doubled the amount for standard deductions, meaning more taxpayers than ever have stopped itemizing and are claiming the standard deduction.

But it’s still good to keep track of your tax-deductible expenses in 2020 because if they happen to be higher than your standard deduction you could save some money on your taxes next year.

  • Married Filing Jointly/Surviving Spouse: $24,800
  • Heads of Households: $18,650
  • Single/Married Filing Separately: $12,400

Remember, even if you take the standard deduction, there are still certain deductions and credits you can claim without itemizing.

How Tax Brackets Work

Currently, there are seven federal income tax brackets in the U.S ranging from 10% to 37%. These rates apply to taxable income, which is your gross income after you’ve subtracted the standard deduction or allowable itemized deductions.

2019 IRS Federal Tax Brackets

For income earned in 2019, the following are the brackets at which each segment of your applicable income are taxed:

Tax RateTaxable Income (Single Filer)Taxable Income (Married, Filing Jointly)Taxable Income
(Married, Filing Separately)
Taxable Income
(Head of Household)
10%$0 to $9,700$0 to $19,400$0 to $9,700$0 to $13,850
12%$9,701 to $39,475$19,401 to $78,950$9,701 to $39,475$13,851 to $52,850
22%$39,476 to $84,200$78,951 to $168,400$39,476 to $84,200$52,851 to $84,200
24%$84,201 to $160,725$168,401 to $321,450$84,201 to $160,725$84,201 to $160,700
32%$160,726 to $204,100$321,451 to $408,200$160,726 to $204,100$160,701 to $204,100
35%$204,101 to $510,300$408,201 to $612,053$204,101 to $306,175$204,101 to $510,300
37%$510,301 or more$612,351 or more$306,176 or more$510,301 or more

2020 IRS Federal Tax Brackets

For taxes due in April 2021 the income tax brackets are:

Tax RateTaxable Income (Single Filer)Taxable Income (Married, Filing Jointly)Taxable Income
(Married, Filing Separately)
Taxable Income
(Head of Household)
10%$0 to $9,875$0 to $19,750$0 to $9,875$0 to $14,100
12%$9,876 to $40,125$19,751 to $80,250$9,876 to $40,125$14,101 to $53,700
22%$40,126 to $85,525$80,251 to $171,050$40,126 to $85,525$53,701 to $85,500
24%$85,526 to $163,300$171,051 to $326,600$85,526 to $163,300$85,501 to $163,300
32%$163,301 to $207,350$326,601 to $414,700$163,301 to $207,350$163,301 to $207,350
35%$207,351 to $518,400$414,701 to $622,050$207,351 to $311,025$207,351 to $518,400
37%$518,401 or more$622,051 or more$311,026 or more$518,401 or more

Tax brackets divide your income into levels that are taxed at different rates. Being in one tax bracket doesn’t mean all of your income is taxed at that rate, every bracket is taxed at its own rate.

For example, let’s suppose you’re a single filer who made $21,000 in 2019. After taking the standard deduction of $12,200, your taxable income is $8,800. That puts you in just the 10% tax bracket.

Calculating Your 2019 Federal Income Tax

To calculate the amount of income tax you owe in each bracket simply multiply your income in that bracket by the applicable rate and you’ll get the amount owed. For the previous example, if your taxable income is $8,800, multiply it by .1 and you’ll see you owe $880 in federal income tax.

As you move into a higher income bracket you add a few more calculations. Say, you’re married, filing jointly with a gross income of $90,000 in 2019. After subtracting the standard deduction of $24,400 your taxable income for 2019 is $65,600. That puts you in the 12% tax bracket.

To calculate your tax bill you’ll pay 10% on the first $19,400 of your income and 12% on the remaining $46,200.

.1 x 19,400= 1,940

.12 x 46,200= 5,544

Making your total federal income tax bill $7,484. Your standard deduction is determined by your filing status and stays the same regardless of your income. As your income goes up your tax bracket rates do increase accordingly.

These are simple calculations and don’t take into account all the other deductions and credits available to taxpayers.

2019 Tax Rates

Having trouble with the math? The following tables will make calculating your taxes a little easier. Simply select your filing status, locate your taxable income after deductions, and do the math.

Table 1. Single Filers

2019 Taxable Income Brackets2019 Tax Rates
Up to $9,70010% of taxable income
Between $9,701 and $39,475$970 plus 12% of income over $9,700
Between $39,476 and $84,200$4,543 plus 22% of income over $39,475
Between $84,201 and $160,725$14,382.50 plus 24% of income over $84,200
Between $160,726 and $204,100$32,748.50 plus 32% of income over $160,725
Between $204,100 and $510,300$46,628.50 plus 35% of income over $204,100
$510,301 and higher$153,798.50 plus 37% of income over $510,300
2020 Taxable Income Brackets2020 Tax Rates
Up to $9,87510% of taxable income
Between $9,876 and $40,125$987.50 plus 12% of income over $9,875
Between $40,126 and $85,525$4,617.50 plus 22% of income over $40,125
Between $85,526 and $163,300$14,605.50 plus 24% of income over $85,525
Between $163,301 and $207,350$33,271.50 plus 32% of income over $163,300
Between $207,351 and $518,400$47,367.50 plus 35% of income over $207,350
$518,401 and higher$156,235 plus 37% of income over $518,400

Table 2. Married, Filing Jointly and Surviving Spouses

2019 Taxable Income Brackets2019 Tax Rates
Up to $19,40010% of taxable income
Between $19,401 and $78,950$1,940 plus 12% of income over $19,400
Between $78,951 and $168,400$9,086 plus 22% of income over $78,950
Between $168,401 and $321,450$28,765 plus 24% of income over $168,400
Between $321,451 and $408,200$65,497 plus 32% of income over $321,450
Between $408,201 and $612,350$93,257 plus 35% of income over $408,200
$612,351 and higher$164,709.50 plus 37% of income over $612,350
2020 Taxable Income Brackets2020 Tax Rates
Up to $19,75010% of taxable income
Between $19,751 and $80,250$1,975 plus 12% of income over $19,750
Between $80,251 and $171,050$9,235 plus 22% of income over $80,250
Between $171,051 and $326,600$29,211 plus 24% of income over $171,050
Between $326,601 and $414,700$66,543 plus 32% of income over $326,600
Between $414,701 and $622,050$94,735 plus 35% of income over $414,700
$622,051 and higher$167,307.50 plus 37% of income over $622,050

Table 3. Married, Filing Separately

2019 Taxable Income Brackets2019 Tax Rates
Up to $9,70010% of taxable income
Between $9,701 and $39,475$970 plus 12% of income over $9,700
Between $39,476 and $84,200$4,543 plus 22% of income over $39,475
Between $84,201 and $160,725$14,382.50 plus 24% of income over $84,200
Between $160,726 and $204,100$32,748.50 plus 32% of income over $160,725
Between $204,101 and $306,175$46,628.50 plus 35% of income over $204,100
$306,176 and higher$82,354.75 plus 37% of income over $306,175
2020 Taxable Income Brackets2020 Tax Rates
Up to $9,87510% of taxable income
Between $9,876 and $40,125$987.50 plus 12% of income over $9,875
Between $40,126 and $85,525$4,617.50 plus 22% of income over $40,125
Between $85,526 and $163,300$14,605.50 plus 24% of income over $85,525
Between $163,301 and $207,350$33,271.50 plus 32% of income over $163,300
Between $207,351 and $311,025$47,367.50 plus 35% of income over $207,350
$311,026 and higher$83,653.75 plus 37% of income over $311,025

Table 4. Heads of Households

2019 Taxable Income Brackets2019 Tax Rates
Up to $13,85010% of taxable income
Between $13,851 and $52,850$1,385 plus 12% of income over $13,850
Between $52,851 and $84,200$6,065 plus 22% of income over $52,850
Over $84,201 and $160,700$12,962 plus 24% of income over $84,200
Over $160,701 and $204,100$31,322 plus 32% of income over $160,700
Over $204,101 and $510,300$45,210 plus 35% of income over $204,100
$510,300 and higher$152,380 plus 37% of income over $510,300
2020 Taxable Income Brackets2020 Tax Rates
Up to $14,10010% of taxable income
Between $14,101 and $53,700$1,410 plus 12% of income over $14,100
Between $53,701 and $85,500$6,162 plus 22% of income over $53,700
Over $85,501 and $163,300$13,158 plus 24% of income over $85,500
Over $163,301 and $207,350$31,830 plus 32% of income over $163,300
Over $207,351 and $518,400$45,926 plus 35% of income over $207,350
$518,401 and higher$154,793.50 plus 37% of income over $518,400

Next Steps

An estimated 90% of tax filers will take their standard deduction. If you’re planning on having a significant number of expenses this year, keep track of them in case they exceed your standard deduction. You can still make tax-deductible contributions to your IRA for the previous tax year up until April 15th.

Also, keep track of your income throughout the year. Use these tax brackets as a goal to push your income toward the top. Alternatively, if you’re on the edge, look for ways to lower your tax liability like putting more money into a tax-advantaged retirement account or a health-savings account. Or take it as a sign that you deserve a vacation.

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Author Bio

Total Articles: 14
Jen Smith is a personal finance writer and creator of ModernFrugality.com. She and her husband paid off $78,000 of debt in two years, and now she's passionate about helping everyday people gain control of their spending and optimize their income. When she's not writing, Jen is figuring out life as a new mom and enjoying as much time as possible in the Florida sun.

Article comments

Matt Atkinson says:

The hyperlinked text “2017 Federal Income Tax Brackets article.” redirects to the same page, which is 2018 tax info. I can’t get to the 2017 tax info. Thanks.

Rob Berger says:

Thanks for letting me know. I’ve updated the link to the 2017 tax rates.

J says:

If you have rental property, are all the repairs all deductible at years end or do we have to deduct them over a rediculously long period of time as we have to do now

Brad Railsback says:

I am not sure how the new tax law changed this. In the past you could deduct repairs in the year the costs were incurred. If it was matainance you had to spread it out over several years, with time period depending on what it was you did. The difference between repairs and maintenance is that repairs are something you did because of damage and maintenance is due to something wearing out. If you had to replace carpeting because of a flood you can write it all off at once. If you replaced it because it wore out the cost will be depreciated over several years.

Kitty Conrad says:

Both the questioner and the reporter are off base. Tax law has been loosened in this regard over the past several years, so that nearly anything can be written off in the year. The questioner needs to consult his favorite competent CPA, and the reporter needs to quit giving tax advice.

Lisa says:

Okay, so who is correct here? We now have 2 conflicting answers!

REA CPA says:

Section 179 allows accelerated depreciation of certain capital expenses up to specified limits annually. Consult a good CPA or EA. (Kitty is right; reporter not so much.)

Fred Maddalena says:

Does the over age 65 exemption go away in the new tax law? What is it, if it stayed?

Doreen Morris says:

We would like to know if over 65 gets consideration (exemption) and if healthcare premiums are
still deductible

Rob Berger says:

Healthcare premiums are still deductible. Exemptions have been eliminated.

Harvey W. Slager says:

For Tax Year 2017 an addition of $1550 is provided to the Standard Deduction for those over 65 years old. How much to that addition to the Standard Deduction will be applied to tax year 2018?

Susan says:

I just read on another site that those 65 and over can add $1600 to the standard deduction in 2018. If this is accurate, my standard deduction in 2018 will be $1650 higher than the combined standard deduction and personal exemption in 2017. Whoop-tee-do!

Dan S. says:

But most will pay 3% less on the bulk of taxable income. If you do the math, it’s a large saving.

T Laron Hamilton says:

What are the personal exemption amounts for 2018?

Rob Berger says:

The personal exemption is eliminated for 2018 in the new tax bill.


What about those being born before 1952…..now as a single i get $7850 standard deduction….what will that go to…will that double as well?….thank you

Dennis Barnhardt says:

In 2018 filing requirement for a single person over 65 would have been. 6500.00 basic standard deduction plus 1600.00 age standard deduction plus 4150.00 exemption =12250.00

Kevin Schlatter says:

This new tax law really hurts families with children that could itemize deductions and receive the Exemption benefit in 2017. We have 3 children. In 2017, I could itemize + get 5 * $4050 in exemptions. This got my Taxable Income down near $90K. With the new law and removal of the exemptions I can only get my Taxable 2018 income forecast down to $120K. The doubling of the child tax credit makes it a basic wash at the Federal level, but now I have an additional $30K that I have to pay Colorado income tax at 4.63%. A $1400 tax INCREASE. Awful. Why didn’t they just change the tax brackets and leave all the itemization/exemption rules in place?

Rob Berger says:

Kevin, did you factor in the doubling of the standard deduction?

Kevin Schlatter says:

Hi Rob. Yes. It is only $24K In 2017 I itemized $26K then also got the $20250 for exemptions to get my taxable income down. Now in 2018 I lose the exemptions vastly increasing my taxable income. Am I missing something? Thanks.

Anthony Makar says:

You still get the child tax credit which now can be up to $2000 per each qualifying child in the new 2018 tax law.

Kevin Schlatter says:

Hi Anthony, Yes. That child tax credit boost is good, but only helps at the Federal level washing out the lost Exemption benefit for a family my size. At the State level, since my taxable income has increased significantly, I am anticipating a $1400 tax INCREASE. Am I correct in my arithmetic? Am I missing something? Is there a CPA monitoring this board that can chime in? Were our lawmakers not aware of this state impact? Why didn’t they just change the tax brackets and leave all the itemization/exemption rules in place? Thanks.

Kent Moyer says:

Your math appears correct. Unfortunately only six states use taxable income as their basis for state income tax calculations. The majority use AGI which would be unaffected by the exemption/deduction rework, so even if your legislators were aware they most likely didn’t have a large enough voice to overturn the concessions made to include the expanded child tax credit.

Jason B says:

Kevin, your situation is nearly identical to mine. I’m glad I stumbled on your post. My question for you is doesn’t this hurt at the Federal level as well? For anyone who itemizes >$24K already, you’re losing the exemptions with only the slight increase in the Child Tax credit to counter it. If you were getting $20K in exemptions + $2K or for the child tax credit after the phaseout, you’re now only getting $6K for the child tax credit. That’s a straight credit so it’s not apples to apples, but isn’t that significantly increasing your tax burden at the Federal level also?

Rob M says:

From my POV it is even worse – if your 2 children are 18 years old, you loose the exemption you were getting with full-time students and you do NOT get child tax credit at all … So if you were itemizing more than 24k you loose a the full $16,200 deduction (which would have otherwise gone up in 2018). That is a big increase in tax due … definitely bad for families with college students (already costing me a ton), please tell me I’m missing something?

BJ says:


Mark says:

You are correct a lot of middle-class people are going to o be screwed without the exemptions and the standard deduction doesn’t change much if they were already i
tempting anywhere near the new 24 Grand amount

Michael Garrison says:

Has the Pease limitation on itemized deductions been totally repealed?

Michelle says:

My question is I am a single mother of 2 is my standard deduction going up to $18,000 even though I only made $34,000 this year?

Kent Moyer says:

Yes and no. Your standard deduction is going up to $18,000, but not until you file your 2018 taxes in early 2019. Don’t go spending that extra refund this month! 🙂

Vickie Shyne says:

Why does retirees over 65 still have to pay federal income taxes? We are on a fixed income.

S. Gurbuz says:

Being on a fixed income has no baring on who pays income tax and who does not. You could be on a fixed income and earn $50000.00 or $10000.00, this term used to mean that the income you receive will never go higher, that was back in the days when Government Pensions were not adjusted to the cost of living. Now all Government Pensions be it Canada Pension Plan or Old Age Security or the Garanteed Income Supplement are adjusted in January of each year based on the rise of the Cost of Living.

Lynne says:

I am getting married in September 2018; I currently itemize- my fiance does not. If I elect to file “Married filing Single” can he still take standard deduction?

Debbie Fiske says:

No, if you itemize he must also itemize, even if he has nothing to itemize, which basically means he looses the deduction or it is limited to what ever he can claim for itemize deductions. You are more than likely better off to file jointly!

william strohm says:

my wife and i are both over 65 will we be able to take the extra deduction like we did in 2015 2016 and 2017

Robert Zachar says:

Yes, seniors 65 and older add $1300 per spouse to the new $24,000 Standard Deduction; so yours will be $26,600.

Donald Knott says:

Thanks for this answer

John Z. says:

What will the 2018 standard deduction be for someone who can be claimed as a dependent on another’s tax return? I used to be $1050, or $350 above earned income. Will it go to $12,000 as well?

anna says:

where do I get the new tax withholding table for payroll

Greg says:

The tables in this article are incorrect as they do not reflect the latest official release by the IRS that can be found at https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/n1036.pdf

Rob Berger says:

Greg, you’ve linked to employer withholding tables, which are different.

Marilyn says:

I qualify for head of household and am over 65. My standard deduction is $19,600. I have one child tax credit of $2,000. My questions are: Is home mortgage interest still deductible. Are property taxes still deductible? Is state income still deductible, in addition to the $19.,600?

Jen says:

So question on this. We are going to be at the border of 165,000. In order to get the 28,179 for next year taxes, would it better to not put anything into retirement so we get the better tax break? I will have 3-4 total in my household for this year, no child dependents. We do itemize a bit here.

Andrew Jackson says:

If I take the standard deduction for the year 2018 do I get an additional deduction for being over 65?

chuck says:

sr, citizens will be taxed at a much higher rate if they can not deduct some of their soc.sec.from fed. taxes

Ian Anderson says:

The new tax form allows for only the taxable portion of SS. Note line 5.

Delia Lamont says:

What about Truck Drivers. My husband is over the road driver and gone from home 80%, right now we claim a per diem for every night he is gone, with the new tax law we will not be able to even claim half of the per diem, not including our interest on house because we will max out. Correct?


Will seniors (65+) still get an increase to their standard deduction in 2018?

Donald Knott says:

I did not see the answer to ? about over 65 is their an increase over the 24,000 std ded ?

Ian Anderson says:

The revised tax form has check spaces for people aged 65 and/or blind. So I assume there will be an increased standard deduction.

Judy Berratt says:

$1300 added to standard deduction for senior/blind persons

Judy Berratt says:

Yes, an additional $1300 for seniors/blind added to standard deduction of $12,000/person

Erin Johnson says:

My daughter receives 100% financial aid from her college, approx. $70k. She also has a local merit scholarship which is paid to the college and is refunded to her, $6k. Her tuition is $52k. Books ~ $2k

This year, 2017 return for 2016, we were able to claim her as a dependent, and due to how things fell on the 1098-T, we got the AOTC. (Like winning the lottery. We never get anything.)

The issue is, I keep reading room and board part of financial aid is taxable, and all the money above her ~ $54k in tuition and books. $76k – $54k = $22k.

Question 1) How do we find out if the financial aid and the other merit scholarship are even taxable? I called a CPA and they said it’s “situational” and they’d need to see the 1098-T, etc. I’d like to figure this out for myself because that CPA wants $425.

Question 2) Since we can’t claim dependents in 2018, can she file Single, taking her $12k deduction, and pay the ~ 10% tax on the other $10k, assuming it is ALL taxable? Since this isn’t technically earned, is it still earned income rates? CPA said yes, FWIW.

Thank you. This has been a nightmare.

Boris says:

Do not pay $425 , just buy $39 Turbo Tax deluxe software, Super easy to do the tax, even with your daughter’s situation.

Ronald Kierszkowski says:

So, after taking the married standard deduction, can I still claim property taxes and mortgage interest?

Frank Tang says:

Nope. It’s one or the other. You can either take the $24k in standard deduction, or whatever your Schedule A comes up with on Itemized Deductions. Keep in mind that State/Local/Property Tax deduction is capped at $10k. So you’ll need to come up with at least $14k of other deductions to bother with Itemizing.

Terry Temple says:

If I itemize in 2018 I understand the $10,000 cap on SALT. Is home mortgage interest still deductible? Is there also a cap on home mortgage interest?

James B Xiong says:

I don’t by what you said reduce alot….ALOT!. Currently a single get some standard 6300 plus 4000 personal exemption equal to over 10000. Now single get 12000 standard but lost to 4000 personal exemption to me it only slightly over 1000 more. But let said a single mom with four children, currently she can file a head of houseshole and get 9000 plus 4000×5 = 20000 of personal exemption she get a total of almost 30000 deductable, but now she lost that 20000 and she only get 18000 to file as head of the househole. 2000 child credit do nothing for her if her chile are 17-18-19 and 20. Now she got no credit 3 of her child in college what is the government talking about support education.???????? After do the calculation she jump the brigde her kids end up on the street instead of college…

Mantin says:

You missed the increased child tax credit part, each child can claim $2000 instead of $1000 of tax credit which is more than make up for the loss of personal exemption


I am a retiree. I will have two pensions, social security, and VA disability payments for 2018. What will be taxable? I will have a total of 40K in income.

Emily says:

No tax on your VA disability

Sheila Childers says:

single, age 66.. do I still file taxes if my only income is Social S? that gross total is less than 17,000. for the year,.. I still deduct my insurance cost & 12,000. standard + over 65 , another 1,300.00..balance would be lower than 4,000. Question is what is the lowest amount a single person would have to file federal taxes??

Yumiko says:

Assuming your only income is SS, none of your income is taxable. As you already have Medicare, you are also exempt from filing tax return requirement. It’s hard to say the lowest amount as each person’s (couple’s) situation is different. I would still keep all financial record (document) in case you get an inquiry letter from IRS in the future. You may, if you’ve just started receiving your SS benefit this year at your full retirement age.

Mark says:

will traditional ira still be deductiable if qualified

Cindy L says:

I just got married in Aug 2018. I am currently on SS Disability with my husband our combined income it under $42,000. We are also supporting a 34 yr old daughter who is unable to work but we do not believe would qualify for disability. Will we have to pay much in taxes if we file married filing jointly? Taxes are being taken out of my husband’s paychecks biweekly currently. He is 61.

Linda says:

I’m seeing different amounts fro standard deduction from different sites. One IRS site listed the single standard deduction at 6,600 and others say $12,000. I’m taking money from my 401k so the wrong info could put me in a higher tax rate bracket. Which is right? And how can I be sure?

bruce ackerman says:

Based on the new 2018 new tax law you would get 12000 as the standard deduction but that includes the personal exemption you were getting in 2017. However 12000 exceeds the 2 rates you were getting in 2017!

Louis says:

I receive ss retirement and retirement pension I just applied for a $16000 loan that went to credit card companies to pay high interest cards do I file this on my tax return

bruce ackermanYour says:

Your loan amount and the interest rate you pay on the loan are none taxable transactions–file your taxes as if they don,t exist!

Elle says:

If my husband and I get $22,500 on SS, and $24,000 on a public pension per year, how much would we have to pay in taxes, if we have no state tax?

Joshua says:

About $1159. which is just over 10% of 50% of social security. Everything else should be under all of the exemptions, but because your pension income plus half of SS is more than 34K then 50% of your SS is taxable at normal income rates. Your pension income uses up the personal exemption so half of your SS income, which comes to be $11,250, is your taxable income. so referring to the table above the first $9520 is taxed at 10% = $952 , the next $1725 is taxed at 12% = 207

952+207=$1159 in taxes.

Beverly says:

Personal exemption would be $1300 more each if they are 66 or over.

Beverly says:

I meant to say that if they are 66 or older the standard deduction will be $2600 ($1300 each). Total standard deduction would be $26,600.

Beverly says:

On the previous comment that is 65 or older.

Sharon says:

I think there is a mistake on amt of their SS $ that is taxable and their total tax owed. U MUST complete th SS Benefits worksheet to figure amt of ur SS that is taxable ea yr, but only after u do ur form 1040 thru line 4. Follow th 1040 line instructions.. . SS instrcts start on pg 32. Per th SS Benefit worksheet in th Form 1040 Booklet, – p33, u add 1/2 ur SS to all ur other income – wrksht steps 1–5. Follow step 3 closely. For people above, 1/2 SS ($11,250) + all step 3 income ($24,000) . Marrieds subtract $32,000 from that $35,250 income total (wksht step 9). The difference – $3,250 – is basically 1/2’d again to $1,625 in step 13 & for them becomes amt on line 16 which is th amt of their SS that is taxable. It goes on their 1040, line 5b & adds to their other income. Then subtract their standard dedctn on line 8. If the people in above qstn only have $24,000 all other income, then standard dedctn ($26,600) is more than & makes them have no taxable income on form 1040 – line 10. Then rest of form 1040 has to be done to see if any additional tax owed.. Sorry this was so lengthy

Carol Turcotte says:

I am a bit confused as to just what my tax liability will be in 2018. I am single age 75 and want to know what my standard deduction will be. My husband passed away in 2015 and because I receive CSRS retirement was not eligible for any of his Social Security so I get a wapping $143.00 per month SS for my credible service. Do I need to claim my SS.

Jo says:

With the new 2017 tax rate, can you clear up how it will work. I collect 24,828 in NJ pension and 16,332 I. SS survivor benefit. What is my tax rate for federal deductions? Also, what will I owe? Thank you

George Carlton says:

Do I have to itemize deductions or claim the standard deduction or on my 2018 tax return? I don’t want to do either.

jeff says:

what else would you prefer to do?

JD says:

Standard deduction is always easier and with the changes this year the limit is 12k for single and 24k for married. For the average person/couple it will be harder to exceed the 12k/24k limit where itemizing would make a difference. So if your deductions are less than the standard limit then stick with standard deduction.

Jen Kerns says:

Is there an option to invest in an IRA or other type retirement investment to reduce taxable income one month before year end? Preferably an investment without a limit.

Steve says:

IRA with a $5500 limit, $6500 if you’re 50 or older. If you qualify you can contribute to an HSA also.

John B. says:

Need to update those numbers for 2019 and provide more detail. For 2019, a single person with Modified Adjusted Gross Income above $137,000 does not qualify to make any contributions to an IRA; for married couples filing jointly, the MAGI limit is $203,000 for 2019…… For 2019, the most that a qualifying individual under age 50 can contribute to his Traditional IRA (and deduct it from income) is SIX thousand dollars. Again for 2019, a qualifying individual aged 50 to 70 and a half can contribute (and deduct from income) up to SEVEN thousand dollars to a Traditional IRA. …………………………… After age 70.5, nobody is allowed to contribute to an IRA….. moreover, at any age, a person who is covered by a retirement plan at work, such as a 401(k) or 403(b), is NOT eligible to make any deductible contributions to an IRA no matter what his MAGI is.

stephanie says:

I am not sure if i need to change my W4 i am single with one child and income around 40,000. I am filling with 3 at this time. should i change it?

Kris says:

According to the W-4 worksheet, you can claim 1 for yourself, 1 for Head of Household, 1 if you are single and have only one job, and 4 for your child since you earn less than $71,201. So, it’s saying you should claim 7 allowances on your W-4.


I’m in the exact same situation and freaking out about claiming 7. I’ve never heard of anyone claiming so much before. But, it’s what the worksheet says to do. I’m so confused.


Better safe than sorry! It is easier to get a refund than get hit with sa surprise tax bill at the end of the year.

Lee Anne Oliveira says:

Hi I am married filing separately over 65 and my income is 43,000 do you take the deduction of $12,000 and $1300 then will that be what I have to pay taxes on which is $29,700? so what would my taxes be?

Jim carrigan says:

Looking for answers

Jean Goddard says:

I am 90 years old do l get an extra deductible allowance

Rita Marianna says:

I moved 300 miles to get a new job/ can any of this be written off on deductions in 2018?

Kathy kerr says:

Do you have to be 65 years old during the year 2018 or be 65 when filing income taxes to get the standard deduction of $1600. I will be 65 February 15, 2019.

JAC says:

If we pay a grandson’s tuition directly to the school is it deductible? And what is the standard deduction for 2018?

Thomas Larum says:

Can I use the 2018 IRS tax brackets & rates as published or is there some other required method

Marty Heidmann says:

If qualifying son, disabled, receives social security benefits, can I still claim
Head of Household?