Credit

FICO vs. FAKO--Does it Matter?

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Recently a number of readers have dismissed free credit score services like Quizzle and Credit Sesame, noting that these services don’t provide you with your “official” FICO score. The argument goes like this. These FAKO scores, as they’re called, don’t show you the actual credit score that lenders will use. Therefore, the scores are worthless. Even worse, they may mislead consumers into thinking that their “real” FICO scores are better or worse than they really are.

There are several implicit claims within this argument:

  1. The FICO score you can get for a fee is the same score a lender will see when you apply for a loan or credit;
  2. The FAKO score (called an "educational score" in the industry) is at best unreliable and at worst misleading; and
  3. The only reason to get your credit score is in preparation for applying for a loan.

You can probably guess what I think about the FAKO vs FICO controversy. The truth is that the FICO score that you can get access to is almost certainly different than what a lender will see (read my article about credit scores and a recent article I wrote for H&R Block to see why). And free services that offer educational scores are a good proxy for your FICO score and a great way to understand and improve your credit.

So I decided to undertake an experiment. Because of refinancing my home mortgage and three rental properties, I have my "official FICO score" from two different credit agencies. So I decided to buy my FICO score and get my score from Quizzle, Credit Sesame, and Credit Karma. With these scores in hand, I could then compare them.

My expectation was that all of these scores would be different. But I also expected the scores to be in a tight range of 20 to 30 points.

Here were the results:

Official Credit Scores

  • Equifax FICO Score: 757
  • TransUnion FICO Score: 750

My credit scores from the two refinances varied, but not by a lot:

These scores were pulled about two weeks apart, so that could explain in part the difference. They were taken from two different credit reporting agencies, which could also explain the difference.

My FICO Score

I pulled my FICO scores via myFICO from both TransUnion and Equifax on the same day. The results were off by just 4 points:

  • TransUnion: 745
  • Equifax: 741

As you can see, however, both scores varied from the scores the mortgage companies had. One might ask if a difference of 10 to 20 points really matters. The short answer is absolutely. As you’ll see in my article on What Credit Score You Need to Buy a Home, the interest rate you’ll get can vary significantly between a score of say 750 and 760. Rates don’t change every 10 points, but if you go below certain thresholds, the rates can rise.

If you want to get your score through myFICO, you can get your official FICO score.

My “FAKO” Scores

My FAKO scores were all higher than the official scores used by the lenders during my refinancing binge:

  • Quizzle: 786 (Quizzle offers what’s called a CE Credit Score that’s based on your credit report from Experian with a range of 350 to 850)
  • Credit Sesame: 773 (Credit Sesame uses Experian's National Equivalency Score with a range of 360 to 840)
  • Credit Karma: 760 (Credit Karma provides a score based on your TransUnion credit report with a range of 300 to 850)

So out of the three FAKO scores, Credit Karma came the closest to the FICO scores used for my refinancing. What's interesting for our purposes is that my Credit Karma score was closer to the actual score used by the mortgage lender than my "official" FICO scores from myFICO.

What Does It All Mean?

An educational credit score can be a very helpful tool to understand your credit and improve your score. Don't let people who call the scores "FAKO" deter you from taking advantage of these free services.

If you are planning to buy a home in the next year or two, sites like Credit Karma have one additional advantage--free credit monitoring service. The last thing you want is something showing up on your credit report by mistake. With credit monitoring services, you'll know each time a change is made to your report.

So if I were concerned about my credit score, I’d take advantage of Credit Karma and Experian.


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