Why You Should Save Money

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I charge both of my children rent to live in our home. Even our daughter, who’s a senior in high school, pays rent. But it’s probably not what you think. I “charge” them rent by requiring them to save 50% of the gross income they make from their jobs. It’s still their money; they just can’t spend it.

The other day my son asked me why I was making them save money. He wanted to understand if he was saving to buy something specific in the future like perhaps a car. My response to him was simple: you’re not saving to spend, you are saving to save. In other words, your goal is not to save money so that you can spend it on something later. You are saving at a very young age to build wealth.

This concept is so fundamental to everything that I and this blog stand for that I had to write about it today. It’s fine to save for specific goals, like an emergency fund, a down payment on a home, or a nice vacation. But you also should be saving to build wealth.

The Problem

Most people think of money in terms of what it can buy. That’s why, for example, most people believe they can afford a car if they make enough money to cover the monthly payment. We do the same thing when we buy a home. Have you ever calculated “how much home you can afford“? If you’re like most people, if you’re like I was when I bought my first home, what you’re really asking is how large of a monthly mortgage payment can you afford based on your income. It’s the wrong way to think about money.

Of course we have to be concerned with how much things cost. If for no other reason, the cost of stuff is important to make sure we get the best deal. Understanding whether you can afford a monthly payment on a car or home is also an important consideration to keep us from biting off more than we can chew. But it shouldn’t be THE consideration.

A Different Way to Think About Money

Rather than thinking about money in terms of what it can buy, let’s take a different approach.

Imagine that you created a robot you could send out into the work force. The robot would earn a salary and give it all to you. Nice!

Now imagine you could take the money this robot was making for you and use it to make more robots. Over time you will have created thousands of robots working around the world making you money. Build enough robots working at the right jobs, and you can stop working (some call that retirement).

That’s exactly what I’ve done.

Think of every dollar that comes into your possession as a potential robot. You can do one of two things with the robot. You can either put it to work for you, or you can fire it. When you spend that dollar on stuff, you’re firing the robot. While you may get something of value, that dollar is gone from your life forever.

In contrast, when you save and invest that dollar, it’s like having a robot that works for you and earns money. Whether it’s as simple as saving the dollar in a bank account or investing it in a mutual fund, that dollar is going out and earning more dollars for you. Given enough time, that dollar will earn more dollars that in turn go out and work for you. That’s the magic of compound interest.

A perfect example of this is reinvesting dividends. Recently, I’ve been purchasing dividend-paying stocks. These stocks include shares of McDonald’s, Pepsi, Ford, and Verizon. Each quarter these companies declare a dividend. Last year I made $3,393.30 in dividends from these companies.

Now I have a choice. I can fire these 3,393 robots by spending the money, or I can put them back to work to earn even more money. I put them back to work by reinvesting these dividends. And the result is that I own more shares of each of these companies than I did at the start of the year. More robots.

You’ve heard that the rich keep getting richer. It’s true. But it nothing magical. It’s just another way of describing compound interest. The rich get richer because they save and invest a larger share of their income. And we are not just talking about high income individuals. This works every bit as much for a teacher as it does a doctor. In fact, there are plenty of doctors and lawyers who have no wealth. Why? Because they fire all of their robots by spending their money on expensive cars, homes, and club memberships rather than putting their money to work. They look rich, but it’s smoke and mirrors.

What’s the Point of Saving Money If You Never Spend It?

Freedom. Freedom to do what you want with your life. Or even better, freedom to do something meaningful and lasting with your life.

Do you need a lot of money to lead a fulfilling life? I don’t think so. But if you are scraping by month-to-month, worrying about how you’ll pay the rent, life seems hopeless. So take the road less traveled and start putting your robots to work.

Published or Updated: March 7, 2013
About Rob Berger

Rob founded the Dough Roller in 2007. A litigation attorney in the securities industry, he lives in Northern Virginia with his wife, their two teenagers, and the family mascot, a shih tzu named Sophie.

Comments

  1. Charging “rent” to kids who work, brilliant! If we could start all kids off on the right financial path we’d have a lot less adults in financial trouble. Just took a look at your bio, we’re proud Shih Tzu parents too ;-)

    • Rob Berger says:

      Shih Tzu’s rock!

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