A Comprehensive Guide to Online “Stop Foreclosure” Resources

As the economy worsens, more and more families are facing the harsh reality of home foreclosure. According to the FDIC, one in every 200 homes will be foreclosed upon. Every three months, 250,000 more families enter foreclosure. And to make matters worse, some “stop foreclosure now” companies with shady business practices are preying on families who feel they have no where else to turn.

To address the growing foreclosure crisis, I have put together this Resource Guide of Online “Stop Foreclosure” Resources. I don’t claim any particular expertise or specialty with the foreclosure process, but many hours of research have shown me that there are some really good (and mostly free) online resources that can help anybody who is or may be facing foreclosure. If you know of other helpful resources, please contact me with the information and I’ll consider adding it to this resource guide.

Foreclosure timeline

One of the first things many homeowners want to know is what will happen if they miss a payment. Simply put, they want to know whether they will lose their home in a week, a month, or longer? And they also want to know the process–what’s going to happen next. The foreclosure process, including timing, varies from state to state. One comprehensive resource of state foreclosure laws and processes is foreclosurelaw.org. While I have no affiliation with the site or its owners, it is worth pointing out that HUD’s website links to foreclosurelaw.org as a resource on state foreclosure laws.

You will find information on all fifty states, including a “typical” timeline for the foreclosure process. For example, the site indicates that in Ohio, the typical foreclosure process takes 150 days. Florida takes 180 days, while Virginia is listed at just 60 days.

In addition, the HUD website provides its own foreclosure timeline:

  • First month missed payment – your lender will contact you by letter or phone. A housing counselor can help.
  • Second month missed payment – your lender is likely to begin calling you to discuss why you have not made your payments. It is important that you take their phone calls. Talk to your lender and explain your situation and what you are trying to do to resolve it. At this time, you still may be able to make one payment to prevent yourself from falling three months behind. A housing counselor can help.
  • Third month missed payment – after the third payment is missed, you will receive a letter from you lender stating the amount you are delinquent, and that you have 30 days to bring your mortgage current. This is called a “Demand Letter” or “Notice to Accelerate”. If you do not pay the specified amount or make some type of arrangements by the given date, the lender may begin foreclosure proceedings. They are unlikely to accept less than the total due without arrangements being made if you receive this letter. You still have time to work something out with your lender. A housing counselor can still help.
  • Fourth month missed payment – now you are nearing the end of time allowed in your Demand or Notice to Accelerate Letter. When the 30 days ends, if you have not paid the full amount or worked our arrangements you will be referred to your lender’s attorneys. You will incur all attorney fees as part of your delinquency. A housing counselor can still help you.
  • Sheriff’s or Public Trustee’s Sale – the attorney will schedule a Sale. This is the actual day of foreclosure. You may be notified of the date by mail, a notice is taped to your door, and the sale may be advertised in a local paper. The time between the Demand or Notice to Accelerate Letter and the actual Sale varies by state. In some states it can be as quick as 2-3 months. This is not the move-out date, but the end is near. You have until the date of sale to make arrangements with your lender, or pay the total amount owed, including attorney fees.
  • Redemption Period – after the sale date, you may enter a redemption period. You will be notified of your time frame on the same notice that your state uses for your Sheriff’s or Public Trustee’s Sale.

HUD also notes that all dates are estimated, and vary according to your state and your mortgage company.

Source: HUD Foreclosure Timeline

What to do if you miss a mortgage payment

Virtually every resource on the Internet I’ve found universally agrees on one thing–don’t ignore the problem. The further behind in payments a homeowner is before beginning to address the issue, the more likely it is that they will lose their home. HUD provides tips on avoiding foreclosures, and one tip is to contact your lender as soon as you know you have a problem.

Did you know? “Lenders do not want your house. They have options to help borrowers through difficult financial times.”–HUD website.

Many people fail to contact their lender for one of several reasons. They may be concerned that the call will draw the lender’s attention to their problem and accelerate the foreclosure process. They believe that they won’t say the right things or know what to say at all. And in many cases, they just don’t want to deal with the emotional strain of an already difficult situation. But ignoring the problem will only make matters worse.

If you are uncomfortable calling your lender, and even if you do call, you can also reach out to an HUD foreclosure counselor. You can find a list of approved counselors by state at the HUD website by clicking here.

Resource Roundup: Here are some foreclosure resources from other blogs:

Federal foreclosure assistance programs

Here are several assistance programs available to those eligible.

FHASecure: According to the HUD website, FHASecure:

is a refinancing option that gives homeowners with non-FHA adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs), current or delinquent and regardless of reset status, the ability to refinance into a FHA-insured mortgage. With FHASecure, the lender will not automatically disqualify you because you are delinquent on your loan, and the lender may offer you a second mortgage to make up the difference between the value of your property and what you owe.

According to the HFA, “so long as you are current on your mortgage and have sufficient income to make the mortgage payment, you are eligible for an FHASecure refinance. If you are delinquent, the default must have been due to the payment shock of an interest rate reset or, in the case of an Option ARM, the “recasting” of the mortgage to fully amortizing.”

Hope NOW:

The 888-995-HOPE™ hotline has a single mission: to help more homeowners avoid foreclosure. Provided by the Homeownership Preservation Foundation, the Homeowner’s HOPE™ Hotline has provided advice and education to more than 300,000 homeowners since 2002.

The Foundation is not a mortgage company. We are an independent, third-party resource that has assembled a not-for-profit network dedicated to helping homeowners avoid foreclosure.

The help we offer is free.

More information on Hope Now from HUD

Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae Streamlined Modification Program: If your mortgage is owned by Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae, you may be eligible for a loan modification. Loan modifications may include extending the term of a loan to as much as 40 years, reducing the mortgage interest rate for a period of time, deferring payment of part of the principal, or a combination of all three.

To be eligible, the mortgage loan must be owned by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, the mortgage loan must be 90 or more days past due, you must occupy the property as your primary residence, and you cannot be in bankruptcy.

Lender foreclosure assistance resources

Mortgage companies want to help homeowners stay in their homes. While it’s not possible for every situation to work out as one might hope, mortgage companies do take steps to help their borrowers fix the problem and stay in the home. As an example, Wells Fargo’s website lists the following potential options for those having trouble making their payments:

 

Here is a list of some of the largest mortgage companies, along with links to their website where foreclosure assistance can be found:

If your lending is not working with you, check out this resource from HUD.

Foreclosure and Tax Issues

There can be tax issues related to the foreclosure process. Generally, if a lender forgives part of the debt, it is treated as taxable income to the homeowner. However, The Mortgage Forgiveness Debt Relief Act of 2007 generally allows taxpayers to exclude income from the discharge of debt on their principal residence. Here is a must read resources from the IRS, which includes worksheets to help taxpayers determine the potential tax consequences of debt relief and the foreclosure process: Home Foreclosure and Debt Consolidation.

Should you pay for foreclosure assistance help

With the rise in foreclosure have come a rise in foreclosure assistance scams. Such scams range for out and out fraud to “assistance” programs that cost a lot of money but fail to deliver anything of value. Recently, the Ohio Attorney General filed lawsuits against two companies that promised to help homeowners but didn’t deliver.

There are many resources that can help homeowners determine who really wants to help and who just wants to profit from their misery:

Important Telephone Number: You also may contact a credit counselor through the Homeownership Preservation Foundation (HPF), a nonprofit organization that operates the national 24/7 toll-free hotline (1.888.995.HOPE) with free, bilingual, personalized assistance to help at-risk homeowners avoid foreclosure.

And here’s a short video Freddie Mac put together about the risks for mortgage fraud:

 

Stop Foreclosure Resource Roundup

HousingHelpNow.org: Part of the National Foundation for Credit Counseling.

Department of Veterans Affairs: Contains links to a video about foreclosure assistance for vets.

Home Loan Learning Center: A list of contact information for some of the largest mortgage lenders.

Federal Housing Administration (runs the FHASecure program).

How to avoid foreclosure rescue scams

HUD’s Guide to Avoiding Foreclosure

FDIC Foreclosure Statistics

Published or Updated: February 13, 2013
About Rob Berger

Rob founded the Dough Roller in 2007. A litigation attorney in the securities industry, he lives in Northern Virginia with his wife, their two teenagers, and the family mascot, a shih tzu named Sophie.

Comments

  1. Wow, this has got to be the biggest guide I’ve seen distilled in a post anywhere! Congrats for doing such a coverage. Awesome job! I’m bookmarking this! :)

  2. jiggy says:

    Terrific job! I’m sick and tired of seeing stop foreclosure scammers take advantage of an already dire situation. I’m going to help spread this article, if you don’t mind.

  3. Phyllis says:

    I’m a housing counselor; thanks for the free advertising. You are right; we CAN help, often right up to the very end (Sheriff’s Sale). GREAT compendium of resources. HOWEVER, you should know that the FHA Secure program ENDED on 12/31/08. It is no longer available. There also is another Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac program called HomeSaver Advance, whereby if your arrearage (back missed payments) is less than $15,000, you can get a 15-year, 5% interest loan through Fannie Mae to pay off your back payments. At maximum terms, that’s about $119/mo. There are some specific requirements, the most important one of which is that the borrower must have successfully resolved the reason for delinquency. In other words, if you lost your job, you must now have another job. AND, you must have the income to make your payments AND the Advance payment. But it’s another option. And at the rate some of the repayment plans are set up, it’s often a BETTER option than the repayment plan. It is available for ANY loan that is backed by Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac, which is at least half of the loans in the country. Ask your housing counselor about it.

    • DR says:

      Phyllis, thanks so much for the infor. I’ll update the list accordingly.

  4. Carly says:

    HELP!!!! My boyfriend has just gotten done with a divorce and was server with a sommons for his home. I want to help him save the house, but I dont kno where to start. He has been at the same job of 7 years and is a lead man there. has been for 4 yrs.he is in the 20.00+ an hour bracket for his hourly. PLEASE help us!!!!

  5. Blake says:

    This is quite helpful and I will see that I can implement that. I really hope that this will save my home.

  6. Money & Finance says:

    indeed, ignoring the problem by not responding to the lenders notification letter is not a way tostop home foreclosure. This post is very informative and thanks for neutral and helpful advice to the home-owners!

  7. stop foreclosure, foreclosure help, avoid foreclosure, loan modification, foreclosure advice says:

    To help you that has a guarantee and takes payments-any that don’t won’t have very impressive outcomes! *It matters, to some extent, which the lender is, but not really. If you have the right representation(doesn’t have to cost and arm and leg) you’ll get a modification no matter what since there is threat of legal action and lenders would go under if they were audited with all the bad loans they have written/bought/traded.

  8. This is a good run down of the different resources to obtain free foreclosure help from legitimate and government-approved resources.

    Many distressed homeowners are paralyzed by inaction because they have no idea where to start. But once they contact a non-profit counselor who is trained to help homeowners facing foreclosure, they are hopefully given a place to start, whether it’s loan modification, short sale, refinance, deed in lieu of foreclosure, etc. It is critical that homeowners take the initiative to seek the education they need to learn all their different options so they can make the best decision for themselves and their families.

  9. Great post. Many people facing foreclosure are completely lost and totally misinformed. The more information out there that offers assistance, the better.

  10. jean says:

    My experience is, that the bank DOES want the house. We brought the bank a short sale offer, which it sat on for a month, and then rejected. The offer was after the home had been on the market for a year, and had close to 40 showings. We’re not talking a “sudden” offer, with prospects in the air. Clearly, the deed in lieu is even more expensive for the bank, so that, too should be rejected any day now. We can only assume the banks and gov’t officials are lying that they “don’t” want the homes. Perhaps they are making so much money off the various “insurance” backups each month, that foreclosure is a win-win situation for them. It’s the only plausible
    explanation which fits the way the industry behaves. We must all remember that the banks never lend out actual money – it’s your signature which creates the currency off the printing presses, which is then assigned as YOUR loan, despite the fact that you are also the source of the funding.
    Counseling is useless for most people, based on the stats. Most people / families are earning 1/4 of what their fathers were. In short: most people simply are not earning a living wage. Making a mortgage payment does not repair the roof, or fix the water heater.

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